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“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God” Primary Source Document

The Sermon by Jonathan Edwards, “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”

ABOUT THE READING Religion was important in the lives of English colonists. Many of them had come to America for religious freedom. Beginning in the 1730s a religious revival swept the colonies. This period was known as the “Great Awakening.” One of the most important Christian ministers of this time was Jonathan Edwards. He thought of God as powerful and not always kind. He wanted people to feel what it was like to be at God’s mercy.

VOCABULARY; Wrath- anger        Induce- convince                                  unregenerate – unconverted         Execute - act out discourse - lecture or sermon

O sinner! Consider the fearful danger you are in: it is a great furnace of wrath, a wide and bottomless pit, full of the fire of wrath, that you are held over in the hand of that God . . . . You hang by a slender thread, with the flames of divine wrath flashing about it, and ready every moment to singe it, and burn it asunder; and you have no interest in any Mediator, and nothing to lay hold of to save yourself, nothing to keep off the flames of wrath, nothing of your own, nothing that you have ever done, nothing that you can do, to induce God to spare you one moment.

Consider this, you that are here present that yet remain in an unregenerate state. That God will execute the fierceness of his anger implies that He will inflict wrath without any pity. When God beholds the . . . extremity of your case, and sees your torment to be so vastly disproportionate to your strength, and sees how your poor soul is crushed, and sinks down, as it were, into an infinite gloom; He will have no compassion upon you, . . .; He will have no regard to your welfare, nor be at all careful . . . should [you] suffer too much in any other sense, than only that you shall not suffer beyond what strict justice requires.

How dreadful is the state of those that are daily and hourly in the danger of this great wrath and infinite misery! But this is the dismal case of every soul in this congregation that has not been born again, however moral and strict, sober and religious, they may otherwise be. Oh that you would consider it, whether you be young or old! There is reason to think that there are many in this congregation now hearing this discourse that will actually be the subject of this very misery to all eternity. We know not who they are, or in what seats they sit, or what thoughts they now have. It may be they are now at ease, and hear all these things without much disturbance, and are now flattering themselves that they are not the persons, promising themselves that they shall escape. If they knew that there was one person, and but one, in the whole congregation, that was to be the subject of this misery, what an awful thing would it be to think of! . . . How might all the rest of the congregation lift up a lamentable and bitter cry over him! . . .

And now you have an extraordinary opportunity, a day wherein Christ has thrown the door of mercy wide open, and stands in calling and crying with a loud voice to poor sinners; a day wherein many are flocking to Him, and pressing into the kingdom of God. Many are daily coming from the east, west, north and south; many that were very lately in the same miserable condition that you are in are now in a happy state, with their hearts filled with love to Him who has loved them, and washed them from their sins in His own blood, and rejoicing in hope of the glory of God. How awful is it to be left behind at such a day! . . . How can you rest one moment in such a condition?



  1. How does Edwards speak to people who think they are safe from God’s anger?


  1. How does Edwards try to convince his listeners to become saved?



  1. How does Edwards contrast Christ with God?
  2. How did the GREAT AWAKENING help shape Americas political and social idea? You may also reference theUnited States History Text pages 94-95